๐Ÿช™Tokenized Positional Markets

When you use Thales to participate in a Parimutuel Market that can only result in two possible outcomes around a single Strike Price of some asset, this is referred to as a โ€œPositional Marketโ€.

Thales Positional Markets are defined by the following variables:

  • Asset - Choice of asset (price feed) around which the Positional Market is revolving around

  • Strike Price - Goal price of chosen asset around which market participants choose UP or DOWN

  • Maturity Date - Time and date at which it's determined if the asset price is above or below the Strike Price variable

Positional Tokens

Each Positional Market's UP and DOWN positions are represented by ERC20 tokens:

  • UP tokens ensure your payout if an outcome resolves positively

  • DOWN tokens ensure your payout if an outcome resolves negatively

Each Positional Market on Thales is a dedicated market Smart Contract and is 100% collateralized by USD. Once this collateral is locked into the marketโ€™s smart contract, Positional Tokens are minted and made available for interested traders via the Automated Market Maker (AMM). Every 1 USD locked into a Market Smart Contract mints 1 of each Positional Tokens (e.g. 1 USD -> 1 UP token + 1 DOWN token).

See the Using the Thales AMM page for more info.

Each USD collateralizes one UP token and one DOWN token. The winning side of the market will have the ability to redeem their Positional Tokens in a 1:1 ratio for the USD collateral added to the pool, while the Positional Tokens of the losing side will become worthless and cannot be redeemed.

Potential Payout Example

For the sake of demonstrating a profitable trade using Thales Positional Markets, let's take the following Positional Market:

  • Asset: ETH

  • Strike Price: $1,500

  • Time until Maturity: 11 weeks

  • Current ETH Price: $1,172.58

With these variables, the Thales AMM prices the IN and OUT tokens of this market at:

UP = 0.383 USD

DOWN = 0.682 USD

The sum cost of UP and DOWN tokens is not exactly 1 USD because of the presence of a Skew Impact mechanism that keeps a slight premium on the Positional Tokens depending on the amount of current underlying risk to the Thales AMM.

Let's say a trader has 1000 USD and wants to acquire a position on that the price of ETH will be above $1,500 in 11 weeks from now.

Said traders uses the 1000 USD to purchase exactly 2604 UP tokens from the Positional Markets AMM, since the AMM algorithm offers the UP tokens to buyers at 0.383 USD per token.

If in 11 weeks (at the Maturity Date) the price of ETH is indeed above $1,500, our trader will be able to exercise (redeem) his UP tokens he acquired for 0.383 USD per token, for 1 USD per UP token. Which means his 2604 UP tokens will be worth exactly 2604 USD, raking him a profit of 1604 USD on his 1000 USD investment.

If the ETH price is below $1,500 11 weeks from now, the DOWN tokens (that were priced at 0.682 USD) for this Ranged Market will be worth 1 USD each, and the UP tokens will be worth 0.

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